Biography

1890 Born in Shepherd's Bush, London
1907-10 Studied at the Regent Street Polytechnic
1910-13 Studied at the Royal College of Art
1913 Travelled to Russia
1919-20 Studied at the Slade School of Fine Art
1920 Won the Prix de Rome
1921 Opened the Brook Green School of Art, Hammersmith
1926 Published 'Animalia'
1926-27 Travelled to the United States and Canada
1928 Travelled to Mexico
1931 Reformed the Brook Green School of Art; founded 'The Island'
1939-42 Served in the Civil Defence Camouflage unit
1945 Visited West Africa
1961 Retrospective at the Kaplan Gallery
1975 Died

Selected solo exhibitions

1961 Kaplan Gallery, London
1969 The Minories, Colchester
2015 Pallant House Gallery, ‘Leon Underwood: Figure and Rhythm’

Selected Group Exhibitions

1996 Redfern Gallery, London, 'Leon Underwood and his pupils Eileen Agar, Gertrude Hermes, Blair Hughes-Stanton, Henry Moore'
2016 Redfern Gallery, London, 'Spring exhibition: Modern British art'

Selected Collections

The Ashmolean Museum, Oxford
The British Council Collection, London
The Brooklyn Museum
The Courtauld Institute of Art, London
Hammersmith and Fulham Archives
Lincolnshire County Council's Art Collection
The National Museum Cardiff
The National Portrait Gallery, London
The Tate Gallery, London
The Victoria and Albert Museum, London
The Victor Batte-Lay Trust Collection at The Minories

Selected Publications

Wilenski, R.H., 'Draughtsmen: Edna Clarke Hall, Henry Rushbury, Randolph Schwabe, Leon Underwood', London : Ernest Benn, 1924
Underwood, L., 'Animalia', New York: Payson & Clarke, 1926
Underwood, L., 'The Siamese Cat', New York : Brentano, 1928
Underwood, L., 'Art for Heaven's Sake : Notes on the Philosophy of Art Today', London: Faber, 1934
Underwood, L., 'Figures in Wood of West Africa', London: John Tiranti Ltd., 1947
Underwood, L., 'Masks of West Africa', London: Alec Tiranti Ltd., 1948
Underwood, L., 'Bronzes of West Africa', London: Alec Tiranti Ltd., 1949
Neve, C., 'Leon Underwood', London: Thames and Hudson, 1974
Tute, G. (introduction), 'Leon Underwood: His Wood Engravings', Wakefield : Fleece Press, 1986