Stanley William Hayter

Biography

1901 Born in Hackney
1917-21 Studied chemistry and geology at King's College, London
1922-25 Worked for Anglo-Iranian Oil Company in Abadan; began to paint more consistently
1926 Moved to Paris to study at the Académie Julian; first prints; met Joseph Hecht; married Edith Fletcher (div. 1929)
1927 Established his first printmaking workshop
1929 First contact with Surrealist group artists
1933 Moved to No.17 Campagne Première (Atelier 17 comes into existence); exhibited with Surrealist group in Paris
1934 First exhibition of Atelier 17 artists in Paris and London
1936 Exhibited in, and helped organise, the International Surrealist Exhibition at the New Burlington Galleries, London
1937 Visited Spain during the Spanish Civil War (at the invitation of the Republican Government)
1938 Published 'Solidarity' for the Spanish war effort
1939 Published 'Fraternity' for the Spanish war effort; left Paris for London; worked on camouflage techniques
1940 Gave classes at California School of Fine Arts and at New School for Social Research (course known as Atelier 17); married Helen Phillips (div. 1973)
1943 Awarded Annual Philadelphia Print Club Prize for 'Laocoön'
1944 Exhibition by Atelier 17 at MoMA, New York
1945 Established Atelier 17 as an independent workshop in New York
1948 'Unstable Woman' won Purchase Prize at Brooklyn Museum Annual Print Exhibition
1949 Taught printmaking at the Art Institute of Chicago and made Professor of Fine Arts at Brooklyn College
1950 Returned to Paris, reestablishing Atelier 17 in various locations
1951 Won the Légion d'Honneur
1955 New York Atelier closed
1958 Represented Great Britain at Venice Biennale with William Scott and Kenneth Armitage
1959 Awarded OBE
1960 Awarded International Grand Prize at the Second Tokyo International Print Biennale
1968 Made Chevalier de l'Ordre des Arts et Lettres; awarded CBE
1972 Received Grand Prix des Arts de la Ville de Paris
1974 Married Désirée Moorhead
1978 Elected Foreign Member of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences; Honorary Doctorate Hamline University, Minnesota
1982 Elected Honorary Member of the Royal Academy
1983 Honorary Doctorate, New School for Social Research, New York
1986 Made a Commandeur des Arts et Lettres
1988 Purchase by British Museum of Hayter's archive of his own prints; died

Selected Solo Exhibitions

1926 Anglo-Iranian Oil Company, London
1929 Claridge Gallery, London
1938 The Mayor Gallery, London 'Spain 1937: Recent Paintings by Hayter'
1940 San Francisco Museum of Fine Arts
1941 Art Institute of Chicago (also 1943)
Marian Willard Gallery, New York 'Hayter - Exhibition of Engraved Plasters, Prints and Objects'
1943 Willard Gallery, New York
1945 Mortimer Brandt Gallery, New York 'Hayter Recent Paintings and Drawings'
1946 Hugo Gallery, New York
Galerie Jeanne Bucher, Paris
1947 Galerie Durand-Ruel, Paris
University of California, Los Angeles
1948 Santa Barbara Museum of Fine Arts
1950 Galerie La Hune, Paris
1951 Galerie Springer, Berlin (shows also in Munich and Paris this year)
1952 Galerie Suzanne Feigl, Basel (print shows also in Lille, Berlin, and Düsseldorf)
1954 Kunsthalle, Berne
1955 Galerie Denise René, Paris 'Hayter - Peintures Récentes'
1956 Childs Gallery, Boston, Mass. (retrospective)
1957 Whitechapel Gallery, London (retrospective)
1959 St George's Gallery, London
1961 Museo Emilio A Caraffa, Córdoba, Argentina 'Pinturas y grabados de Stanley William Hayter'
1962 Modern Art Museum, Kamakura
1965 Howard Wise Gallery, New York
1966 Cabinet des Estampes, Musée d'Art et d'Histoire, Geneva 'Stanley William Hayter - 40 ans de gravure' (touring)
1967 V&A Museum, London 'S.W. Hayter's Graphic Work, A Retrospective Exhibition'
1968 Château-Musée de Dieppe (retrospective)
1969 Musée des Arts Décoratifs, Paris (prints retrospective)
National Collection of Fine Arts, Smithsonian Institution, Washington D.C.
1972 Musée d'Art Moderne de la Ville de Paris 'Hayter - Ondulations - peintures 1868-72'
1975 The Neptune Gallery, Dublin
1976 Galerie de Seine, Paris 'S.W. Hayter, peintures 1940-1975'
1978 Istituto Nazionale per la Grafica, Rome
1981 Pier Art Centre, Stromness, Orkney
Oxford Art Gallery, Oxford '80th Birthday Exhibition'
1982 Worthing Museum, Worthing
1984 Redfern Gallery, London
1985 Santica Hall, Gallery Santica, Kobe 'Symphonic Poem of Lines-Paris-New York' (retrospective, also Tokyo)
1988 Ashmolean Museum, Oxford 'The Art of S.W. Hayter' (print retrospective, also Glasgow Art Gallery)
Galerie Artcuriale, Paris 'Memorial Exhibition'
Sylvan Cole Gallery, New York 'Memorial Exhibition'
1989 Royal Academy Friend's Room, London
1990 Istituto Nazionale per la Grafica, Rome (retrospective)
Redfern Gallery, London

Selected Group Exhibitions

1928 Galerie Sacre du Printemps, Paris 'Gravures et quelques peintures de Edith Fletcher and Stanley William Hayter'
1929 Salon des Surindépendents, Paris
1934 Galerie Pierre, Paris (first Atelier 17 exhibition)
1935 Galerie aux Quatre Chemins, Paris 'Exposition des Dessins Surréalistes'
1936 New Burlington Galleries, London 'International Surrealist Exhibition'
Museum of Modern Art, New York 'Fantastic Art, Dada, Surrealism'
1937 Galerie aux Quatre Chemins, Paris (Atelier 17)
1939 Galerie de Beaune, Paris (Atelier 17)
1944 Museum of Modern Art, New York 'Atelier 17' (touring)
1947 Leicester Galleries, London (Atelier 17)
1949 Laurel Gallery, New York (Atelier 17)
1951 Grace Borgenicht Gallery, New York (Atelier 17)
1952 Stedelijk Kunstsalon, Antwerp (Atelier 17)
1953 Kunsthandel Martinet, Amsterdam (Atelier 17; organised by Pierre Alechinsky, touring)
1958 International Print Biennale, Grenchen, Switzerland (Lugano Prize)
Venice Biennale (with Armitage and Scott)
1959 Metropolitan Art Museum, Tokyo (Hayter and Atelier 17)
1960 I.C.A., London (Hayter and Atelier 17)
2nd International Exhibition of Prints, Tokyo (International Grand Prize)
1962 Associated American Artists, New York (Atelier 17)
I.C.A., London (Atelier 17)
1969 Museum of Modern Art, Istanbul
1973 Graphics International, Washington D.C.
1977 Elvehjem Art Center, University of Wisconsin, Madison 'A 50th Anniversary Retrospective Exhibition'
1979 Galerie 17, Reykjavik Museum of Modern Art
1981 Galerie de Seine, Paris (Atelier 17)
1986 Herbert Read Gallery, Canterbury 'Contemporary Print Makers'
1989 Austin/Desmond, London (Atelier 17)
1991 Crane Gallery, London

Publications

Hayter, S.W., 'About Prints' Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1962
Hayter, S.W., 'New Ways of Gravure' Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1966
Gilmour, P., Robertson, B., Penrose, R., et al 'for Stanley William Hayter on his 80th birthday', Oxford: Oxford Gallery, 1981
'Stanley William Hayter: Etchings and engravings printed in colours 1957-1987', London: Robert Douwma Gallery, 1987
Hacker, P.M.S. (ed.), 'The Renaissance of Gravure: The Art of S.W. Hayter', Oxford: The Clarendon Press, 1988
Anderson, S.M., 'Pursuit of the marvelous : Stanley William Hayter, Charles Howard, Gordon Onslow Ford', Laguna Beach: Laguna Art Museum, 1990
Black, P. and Moorhead, D., 'The Prints of Stanley William Hayter: A Complete Catalogue', London: Phaidon Press, 2001
'Stanley William Hayter', Montreuil: Gourcuff Gradenigo, 2012
Albert, P-F. and Canu, J., 'Stanley William Hayter', Point de Vues, 2017

Collections

Art Institute of Chicago
British Council
British Museum, London
Dallas Museum of Art, Texa
Dublin City Gallery The Hugh Lane
Fine Arts Museums of San Francisco
Harvard Art Museums
Hirshhorn Museum and Sculpture Garden, Washington D.C.
Hunterian Museum and Art Gallery, University of Glasgow, Scotland
Kettle’s Yard, Cambridge
LACMA, Los Angeles
Metropolitan Museum, New York
Milwaukee Art Museum
Museo Reina Sofía, Madrid
Museum of Fine Arts, Boston
National Gallery of Art, Washington D.C.
The Museum of Fine Arts, Houston
Museum of Modern Art, New York
National Galleries of Scotland, Edinburgh
National Trust Collection
Peggy Guggenheim Collection, Venice
Portland Art Museum
Princeton Art Museum
San Francisco Museum of Modern Art
Smithsonian American Art Museum
Tate Gallery, London
University of Virginia Art Museum
Victoria and Albert Museum, London